What is the history revealed by the study of DNA? – Dr. Robert Carter

Rob, when we talk about DNA, I think most people think of all the human DNA that is emerging right now, and what do they welcome about human DNA? You know, since Westarted DNA analysis, basically everything we’ve learned contradicted the standard model. Non-African standard idea. The idea that humans and chimpanzees shared a common ancestor, the idea that Neanderthals were not human beings, all these things have come up in stark contrast to what everyone expected. And then how can we refute this old African exit story? Many different ways. First of all, we have now taken DNA sequences from thousands of people all over the world, and there are some things that are very clear.

. And the first big surprise was how similar people are from one end of the world to the other. This was not what people expected. I mean, in Charles Darwin’s time, he was trying to divide people into races and almost into species. Others claimed to be different species, Darwin didn’t give up that long. But they – evolutionists were trying to divide people into tribes, classes, and groups, but what we found by gene sequencing was that humans are almost humans. ? What do we learn from this? Oh, tells us a ton of things. First of all, it tells us that we all recently came from one small population. It tells us that only one person is scattered on the planet. It tells us that the center of the diversity of all people in the world is somewhere between North East Africa and the Middle East, so the origin of humanity is where the Bible says. The origin of humanity consists of a small group, as the Bible says.

The origin of humanity involves a worldwide dispersion. Everything we learn points to an increasingly biblical answer to the origin of humanity. How can we conclude that the human race has not been around for so long? All we can do is look at the mutation rate we can measure in the lab. We can take a group of people we know to be closely related, we can look at their DNA, we can count the number of differences between them. Then we say okay, this is the rate. Let’s look at all the people around the world now. How long does it take to explain all these people, given the proportion we know? And the answer is several thousand years. For both the male progeny with the Y chromosome and the female progeny with mitochondrial DNA. Both give us a similar answer, people are not millions of years old. Talk a little more about the different chromosomes that arise as a result of being male or female. How does it help us understand this? Because there are two special small pieces of DNA that are passed down from generation to generation unchanged.

They don’t – most chromosomes recombine so the genes get mixed up. However, the Y chromosome is only inherited from father to son, grandchild to grandchild. And so, if a mutation occurs, only that lineage remains. There’s another tiny piece of DNA called mitochondrial DNA that can only be passed from mother to child through many experiments. So my kids didn’t inherit my mitochondrial DNA, they inherited my wife’s mitochondrial DNA. Therefore, it passed unchanged from one generation to the next, just like the Y chromosome. Except for a mutation occurring, now you have – you have a new lineage. And so when we look at Y chromosomes around the world, it’s clear that they’re all very similar. And if we count the differences between them, these five or six hundred differences, perhaps at most eight hundred, could explain all the men in the world. One minute, at the mutation rate we know, we would expect a few mutations per generation. This is only a few hundred generations. This is the Bible frame. For mitochondrial DNA, most people in the world are about twenty to twenty-five mutations separated from the mitochondrial ancestor Eve. This is only a few hundred generations. So what we’re seeing here is a sharp difference between a Genesis paradigm approach of how humans got started and how long they’ve been here, as opposed to the traditional paradigm that says humans have been around for millions of years and at various stages.

What you’re saying is that genetics don’t support this. Genetics shows that if we use real-world mutation rates measured in a lab, genetics are very new to man.So what happens to mutations in a population over time? Look, every child born has more mutations than the parent is born with. This means that each generation is actually a step forward from ancestors. And compared to us

Yes, we will be dead. – We were extinct. The standard model, the evolutionary model, requires mutations to be eliminated over time. But there is not enough time. There are too many mutations and this affects them mathematically. In the 1950s, this famous scientist named Haldane said that if there are as many mutators in every ten children, they are guaranteed to become extinct. Well, about a hundred dollars per child. This is a thousand times worse than the worst case scenario they can handle mathematically. So, what you’re saying is that this evidence really points to the biblical record. Absolutely. Absolutely. Just when we look at people all over the world.

They are very similar to each other, it is clear that we actually come from an Adam. So a little bit of me – I used to have a red beard, right, now it’s all white, but this is a red mutation. A broken gene. And I have no hair anymore. Or the skin color one of my ancestors got, it’s a broken gene. We even know where the gene is. We know what letter changes are in that gene. And all Europeans share this skin tone. A broken gene. So we need some genetic diversity, 6,000 years of mutation, and we can explain people who do not have a common ancestor with chimpanzees. We don’t need millions of years, we don’t need it – we don’t need evolution. Regarding the chimpanzee, the traditional paradigm tells us over and over again that we have 98% similar genetic code to the chimpanzee. Is this true?

It is absolutely not true that we are 98% identical to chimpanzees. Some of my colleagues check the numbers, and when you take a piece of the chimpanzee genome and look at the human genome, you get about 80% identity. And if we do the opposite, you’ll get about 80% identity. Because 98% was a myth. When they sequenced the chimpanzee genome, they didn’t want to spend three billion dollars on it. It was that difficult to make the first human genome. At that time, what they would do to sequence a genome is to randomize a large number of small parts. It is about 300 base pairs long. And then they will line them up. They use a large computer program to enumerate them. And if you had enough parts, you would fill in all the gaps. And to make sure that there is no gap left – you have to stack about 30 layers and then there is enough. When they made the chimpanzee genome, they sequenced it five times and sequenced it according to the human genome.

Thus, they assumed a common lineage without ever testing it and made a Swiss cheese genome. There are so many holes in the chimpanzee genome that it cannot be used. A few years later, someone came back and just reordered the Y chromosome. And it was – it turned out to be distinctly different. The Y chromosome in chimpanzees is half the size of the human Y chromosome. And the tomorrow they share with us is just 70% like the human version.

The paper that did this said it was as big a difference as we expected between a human and something like a chicken. Of course, what we do know is that human beings are radically different from other animals we see around us. In fact, only humans can create the scuba gear I wear to keep eating underwater. Human species is the only species capable of wondering and wondering about the world created by Allah, that it is the only species created by God.

But with the remaining time, maybe we can do more underwater, huh? The weather is really nice. Let’s take another dive. Let’s Do It. So what do I do on my next dive? The next dive will be the same as the first dive. Yes. Maybe you stop and have more time to look at something. Yes. But it must be a guided dive

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